This book has been mainly written for the research workers and students of various Universities, who are interested to use eco-friendly indigenous plant materials in pest management programme. The book provides a brief amount on different plants having pesticidal properties viz., plant taxonomy, geographical distribution, chemical constitutions and their structural formula, their mode of action, procedure for preparation and their safety to non target organisms. It is hoped that this book will be very useful to graduate/post graduate students of Agriculture as well as Basic science, researchers and extension workers. This book will be useful to environme- ntalists who are interested to minimize the use of synthetic chemicals in pest manag- ement programme and also for the pesticide formulation industries to develop newer molecules based on phytochemicals. Every attempt has been made to provide necessary information for students and researchers, which is hardly available in other books.
1 Botanical Pesticides - 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Brief historical review; 1.3 Mode of action of botanical insecticides; 1.4 Mode of action of botanical pesticides against non-insect pests
2 Botanical Pesticides and their role in Sustainable Crop Protection - 2. 1 Advantages of Botanical Pesticides; 2.2 Disadvantages of Botanical Pesticides; 2.3 Which type of plants should we use?; 2.4 Poisonous effects of some plants; 2.5 Synthetic formulations on the basis of botanicals; 2.6 Standardization of botanical preparations; 2.7 Regulatory approval; 2.8 Resistance; 2.9 How botanicals can be popularized among farmers?; 2.10 Research priorities on botanicals; 2.11 The future role of botanicals; 2.12 Future perspectives
3 Use of Botanicals in IPM Programme - 3.1 Integration with cropping Systems; 3.2 Combination of botanicals with entomophages and microbials; 3. 3 Compatibility of botanicals to other botanicals; 3.4 Combination with chemical pesticides; 3. 5 Extraction with cow urine
7 Processing of Botanicals - 7.1 Decoction; 7.2 Extraction; 7.3 Maceration; 7.4 Infusion; 7.5 Distillation process; 7.6 Standard procedures for the preparation and application of the plant extracts; 7.7 Parts of medicinal plant to be used; 7.8 Active constituents of pesticidal plants