In recent times, the curriculum of the courses includes the instrumentation needed for understanding the different aspects of the discipline and has become an essential part. It is envisaged that students should the details and principles of the instrumentation used for biological investigations which will enable the students to be confident about the authenticity of his observations. This aspect will also promotes the students to plan different experiments which can give more evidences for any observed phenomenon. Further, the practicals are given more emphasis to train the students in any particular field. This also enables student to study independently and more confidently. So all Indian Universities are including instrumentation in the syllabi. As such very few books are available which can give information in totality to students all disciplines of biology.
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